The Effect of Sleep Hygiene Education on Sleep Quality of Individuals with Essential Hypertension




Hypertension, Sleep, Education, Nursing


Purpose: Hypertension has a negative effect on sleep quality. This study aimed to assess the impact of sleep hygiene education on sleep quality among individuals with essential hypertension.

Methods: Intervention to assess the influence of sleep hygiene education on patients with essential hypertension. Sleep quality outcomes were measured before and after the education. Outpatient clinic of the internal medicine/cardiology departments between November 2012 and April 2013. Patients who contacted the clinic during the study period (n=42). 52.4% of participants were male and the average age of participants were 51.2±3.7. Surveys were used to collect socio-demographic information, past medical history, sleep score scale, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).

Results: The average PSQI score of individuals with essential hypertension was 10.0±2.73 before sleep hygiene education and 6.0±1.76 after the education.  This improvement was statistically significant (p<0.05). After adjustment for sociodemographics, no pre-post test differences in PSQI scores were found. Sleep hygiene education was found to be effective in improving sleep quality and all participating individuals benefited from this effect.

Conclusion: Sleep quality of individuals with essential hypertension should be regularly evaluated. Sleep hygiene education programs may be helpful to those with essential hypertension who experience sleep problems. 



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How to Cite

KUŞ, B., & İNCİ, F. (2023). The Effect of Sleep Hygiene Education on Sleep Quality of Individuals with Essential Hypertension. Mediterian Journal of Health Sciences Current Research, 1(1), 24–35.